CBDC Motivations, Challenges and Design Choices- A perspective from Latin America


Wednesday 18th May 2022, 14:00 (BST)

There are many motivations for rolling out a CBDC, from achieving higher financial inclusion and higher transactional efficiency to preserving monetary sovereignty by compensating for the declining use of cash and by countering the entrance of new private forms of digital currencies. 

Each country has a different set of features and objectives that make a CBDC’s design and roll-out a tailor-made process.  Having heard about the challenge and motivation from a G7 perspective in Session #4 with the Bank of England and the Bank of Canada, we turn our attention to Latin America as we hear from Ludmilla Buteau Allien (Bank of the Republic of Haiti) and Dr Adolfo Sarmiento (Central Bank of Uruguay)


Watch the recording: 

Session #5 Guests


 Ludmilla Buteau Allien

Assistant Director of the Department of Money and Economic Analysis, Bank of the Republic of Haiti

Ludmilla Buteau Allien is Assistant Director of the Department of Money and Economic Analysis at the Bank of the Republic of Haiti and is responsible for several publications. Ms Allien joined the BRH in 2006 after a brief stay at the Ministry of Economy and Finance (2005). Ms Allien also served as Advisor to the Executive Director representing Haiti at the IMF Executive Board (“Government Provided Advisor”) in 2008, where her contribution was described as significant.

Ms Allien specialises in applied macroeconomics, with a focus on monetary policy. Her latest publication studies the implications for monetary policy of payments system innovations in Haiti (2019). After studying at the CTPEA, she also earned a master’s degree in applied economics at Northeastern University in Boston as a Fulbright Scholar. At Northeastern, she had the opportunity to work with various international institutions, including IHS Global Insight, Banco Santander, and the World Bank. Ms Allien is pleased to be the first female Director of BRH’s Research Department in 19 years. Ms Allien is also the project manager of the digital currency project in Haiti, Bitkòb.


 Dr Adolfo Sarmiento 

Head of Economic Policy, Central Bank of Uruguay

Adolfo Sarmiento holds a PhD in Economics. He is an expert in the financial sector and payment systems (CBDC and financial innovation) and is currently Head of Economic Policy at the Central Bank of Uruguay. Adolfo also serves as an external advisor on Central Bank Digital Currency projects for the International Monetary Fund and works as a professor and researcher.


Resources and Links


  • Seven lessons from the e-Peso pilot plan: the possibility of a Central Bank Digital Currency Read More > 
  • Evolving payment ecosystems and CBDC: An ecological approach Read More > 
  • Momentum is strengthening for CBDCs (BIS) Read more >
  • HKMA advances e-HKD exploration Read more >
  • FT: Opinion: An American CBDC is not the way to fight China’s financial might Read more >
  • IMF recommends the Bahamas ‘accelerate’ CBDC education and regulatory oversight efforts Read more >
  • Central Bank of Chile prolongs CBDC issuance plans Read more>



Missed our previous sessions? Watch the series on-demand


23rd February 2023

Project mBridge: Real-Value Transactions through a Cross-border CBDC Platform

With: Daniel Eidan (Bank for International Settlements) & Ousmène Jacques Mendang (Accenture)

Watch Now >


12th January 2023

Digital Currencies: Coexistence or Competition

With: Catherine Gu (Visa) & Carmelle Cadet (EMTECH)

Watch Now >


8th December 2022

CBDC Interoperability in Cross-border payments

With: John Kiff (Satoshi Capital Advisors) & Simon Chantry (Bitt)

Watch Now >



17th November 2022

CBDC Interoperability, Benefits and Implications- A U.S. Perspective

With: Commissioner Hester M. Peirce (The U.S Securities and Exchange Commission) & Patrick McCarty (Georgetown University)

Watch Now >


5th October 2022

Gaining Momentum: Options for access to and interoperability of CBDCs worldwide

With: Anneke Kosse & Illaria Mattei (Bank for International Settlements)

Watch Now >


29th September 2022

What CBDC features will drive consumers’ and merchants’ adoption?

With: John Velissarios (Accenture) & Raoul Herborg (G+D)

Watch Now >


10th August 2022

Aligning Technology and Policy: The Oliver Wyman Forum and Amazon Web Services (AWS) Report

With: Larissa de Lima (Oliver Wyman Forum) & Erica Salinas (Amazon Web Services)

Watch Now >


20th July 2022

CBDC Motivations and Challenges – A Perspective from Asia-Pacific

With: Masaki Bessho (Bank of Japan) & Dr Steven Hu (Standard Chartered Bank)

Watch Now >


30th June 2022

Central Banks and Private Money: The Past, Present and Future

With: John Kiff (Satoshi Capital Advisors) & Harish Natarajan (The World Bank)

Watch Now >


18th May 2022

CBDC Motivations and Challenges – A Perspective from Latin America

With: Ludmilla Butueau Allien (Bank of the Republic of Haiti) & Dr Adolfo Sarmiento (Central Bank of Uruguay)

Watch Now >

28th April 2022

CBDC Motivations and Challenges- A Perspective from the UK & Canada

With: Dr Francisco Rivadeneyra (Bank of Canada) & Mehregan Ameri (Bank of England)

Watch Now >

16th March 2022

HSBC & IBM’s Joint CBDC Project

With: Mark Williamson (HSBC) & Soren Mortensen (IBM)

Watch Now >

15th February 2022

Critical policy issues & Lessons Learned from UK and China

With: Jean-Michel Godeffroy (JMG Consulting) & Keith Bear (University of Cambridge)

Watch Now >

11th January 2022

Quantifying the Impact of CBDCs

With: Dr Kimmo Soramäki (FNA) & Dr Carlos León (FNA)

Watch Now >


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