Press Release 

Amidst rising interest rates, CHIPS’ liquidity efficiency creates economic cost savings and allows financial institutions to deploy scarce liquidity more effectively. 


LONDONFeb. 1, 2023 – London-based deep tech firm FNA, specialising in advanced network analytics and simulation, has revealed the “powerful liquidity savings” generated by CHIPS, the largest private sector high-value clearing and settlement system in the world operated by The Clearing House, following an independent review.

As the importance of liquidity grows with rising interest rates and quantitative tightening, more efficient use of liquidity creates economic cost savings and allows financial institutions to deploy scarce liquidity more effectively for other purposes – benefitting not only CHIPS participants but contributing to a more efficient financial system overall.

FNA’s review of the liquidity savings mechanism (LSM) utilised by CHIPS confirmed CHIPS is “extremely efficient” in its use of liquidity across all performance metrics, when compared to other large-value payment systems. Powered by its simulation technology and digital replicas of other high-value payment systems, and utilizing real CHIPS data, FNA’s analysis also confirmed that CHIPS’ liquidity efficiency outperformed other real high-value payment systems as well as several synthetic configurations of LSMs.

Financial institutions in the U.S. and around the world rely on CHIPS to clear and settle USD payments reliably and with settlement finality. CHIPS settles an average of $1.9 trillion in payments per day on a comparatively small funding base. Its patented liquidity savings algorithm matches and offsets payments continually, resulting in a more efficient settlement process.

“We are delighted to have successfully demonstrated the unique capabilities of the CHIPS system”, said FNA Founder and CEO, Kimmo Soramäki. “FNA’s network analytics and simulation technology provides visibility and foresight over the flow of payments, highlighting previously unseen opportunities for greater operational efficiency and resiliency. Not only has this validated CHIPS’ liquidity efficiency, but also provided TCH with opportunities to improve their system further”.

While the benefits of liquidity savings are substantial across all phases of an interest rate cycle, they are especially pronounced in an environment of rising rates and quantitative tightening. CHIPS is the premier USD clearing platform for international payment activity, with approximately 95% of CHIPS payments being the USD leg of a funds transfer that begins and/or ends in another country.

“The liquidity efficiency of CHIPS has been well documented in academic literature and distinguishes CHIPS as a critical element of the nation’s financial system,” said Richard Dzina, Senior Vice President of Product Development, The Clearing House. “FNA’s analysis adds to this literature by uniquely using CHIPS payments data to assess CHIPS relative to other real and hypothetical systems. The results of the analysis are powerful and underscore not only the economic cost savings but also the financial stability benefits that derive from the efficient use of liquidity.”

To read FNA’s full report here > 


About FNA

FNA is a leader in advanced network analytics and simulation. 

FNA’s software is used to uncover hidden connections and anomalies in large, complex datasets, to predict the impact of stress events, and to optimally configure financial systems and infrastructures. 

FNA is trusted by the world’s largest central banks, government authorities, commercial banks and financial infrastructures.

Learn more at


About The Clearing House

The Clearing House operates U.S.-based payments networks that clear and settle more than $2 trillion each day through wire, ACH, check image, and real-time payments. It is the nation’s most experienced payments company, with a long track record of providing secure and reliable systems, payments innovation, and strategic thought leadership to financial institutions. In 2017, The Clearing House revolutionized U.S. payments by introducing the RTP® network, which supports the immediate clearing and settlement of payments, along with the ability to exchange related payment information across the same secure channel. These RTP capabilities enable all financial institutions to offer safer, faster, and smarter digital transaction services for their corporate and retail customers. Learn more at

More News

The Power of Payments Data

By Will Towning Use cases for financial and economic stability Payments play a fundamental role in our financial and economic systems. From the most humble of activities, such as buying a coffee or catching the underground, to the most complex financial derivative arrangements. Despite this, payments have historically been seen as the rather uninspiring, ordinary […]

The CBDC Broadcast Session #15

CBDC & Privacy Technology   With guests:  | Michael Greco, Digital Dollar Project | Robert Zev Mahari, MIT Connection, Science & Engineering   Privacy is a fundamental aspect of life, and privacy regarding financial transactions is a critical topic for everyone. The myriad of digital forms of money and payment instruments available to the public today all […]

The Suptech Broadcast Session #4

Suptech as a Strategic Institutional Priority   Thursday 9th March   As the financial industry continues to evolve, the adoption of suptech has become increasingly important for Central Banks as well as financial authority bodies globally. Successfully implementing suptech requires careful consideration of key components such as regulatory efficiency and effectiveness, talent and technology investment, […]
Copyright FNA © 2023 | Privacy Policy